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Dog Training Tips

Most dogs have good intentions. They want to please their owners and are unhappy when the don't. It's part of living with a pack. so why are there so many disobedient dogs? Most of the time it's because their owners haven't learned to communicate very well. The dogs want to obey; they just can't figure out what they're supposed to do. Here are a few ways to customize your commands in ways your dog will understand.

1. Get Her Attention 

One reason dogs sometimes misbehave and ignore commands is that they don't realize they're being talked to . When you're playing in the park, your dog will be having such a good time running and sniffing that a shouted "come" may not enter her consciousness-which is why trainers advise coupling a command with a  word that's guaranteed to get your dog's attention. A sure attention-getter is to use your dog's name, as in "Maggie! Come!"

2. Keep It Short

Dogs aren't fluent in people-speak. They don't understand involved explanations or multi-sentence pleas because they can't pick out the one relevant word in a a long stream of sound. That's why a command like "Maggie, will you please come here for once?" is likely to get you another more than a blank stare. What dogs do understand are short, quick commands, like "come" or "sit."

3. Make It Firm

Our instincts are always to be polite, even when giving a command. But this doesn't work with dogs because what should sound like a command -"Maggie, sit!"-often sounds more like a question. In your dog's mind, you're asking, not telling, her to do something, and she won't see any reason to respond because in her mind she's not being told to.
Making commands short and terse is the best way to let your dog know that you want something, and you want it now. Dogs don't resent this tone of voice. On the contrary, they're always grateful when we make our expectations clear.

4. Be Positive

Dogs thrive on positive thinking. More importantly, it's easier for them to understand positive commands-telling them what you want them to do-than negative ones, in which you simply say "no!" Suppose, for example, your dog is barking at the mailman. Yelling "no!" will get her attention, but she may not be sure what the "no" refers to. A better approach when she's barking is to say "come!" and reward her when she does. The positive command is as effective -and probably more so than the negative one because it gives your dog a clearer sense of what you want her to do.

5. Use The Right Tone Of Voice

Dogs are extremely sensitive to even the smallest sounds or variations in sound. This meas that the tone of your voice can make all the difference between whether a command is right or wrong. In most situations, a firm matter-of-fact tone is best because it sounds authoritative without being harsh or stern. however, sometime dogs may be reluctant to obey. For instance,, when they're tearing around the part with other dogs, they may not want to come to you. You need to persuade them that coming to you is as much fun as frolicking with their friends-so use a high pitched, enthusiastic tone of voice that makes them really want to leave  their friends for you.

6. Be Consistent

Even though dogs can recognize the sounds of certain words, they don't necessarily understand their meaning. Using the  same commands all the time is the only way to avoid confusion. When you tell your dog "off the chair" today and "get down" tomorrow, why won't have the slightest idea what you're trying to say. 
No matter what commands you use-and ultimately  the words themselves don't matter all that much-using them consistent will make them much more effective.

Using Hand Signals

It is  often easier to teach a dog to respond to hand signals than to verbal commands. Dogs are much more tuned in to body language than to verbal communication.There are situations in which a dog who responds to hand signals as a distinct advantage over one trained only to obey verbal commands. For example, you can use hand signals to communicate with your dog in situations where it's not easy for him to hear you.You can reinforce training with hand signals especially if you are using treats or rewards to train your dog. Which a combination of hand signals and treats, you can coax the behavior you want from your dog, and then reward him for it. The more a dog is rewarded for a particular behavior,the sooner he'll choose to offer that behavior. Hand signals also reinforce verbal commands. when a dog learns to link a hand signal with a  particular action, he'll soon respond to the hand signal alone.
The following diagrams show how you can use hand signals to teach your dog some basic commands.


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